Electronics

5 Reasons Why You Need Fiber Optic Cable Internet

5 Reasons Why You Need Fiber Optic Cable Internet
Written by Shikha Mehta

How many times have you faced net issues in the office? When the internet goes down at a workplace for any reason, everything gets stuck – urgent work, daily operations, communication, and other important things. If you’re not using fiber optic cable internet, then it’s time for you to change.

Also known as optical fiber or ofc cable, a fiber cable has a lot more speed and capacity to carry data. Most broadband users as well as providers have started switching to optical fiber due to the enhanced quality of the cables. Let’s see what they’ve got.

What is a Fiber Optic Cable?

This is a cable made of multiple glass fibers that are 1/10th the thickness of a strand of human hair. However, they carry an exceptional capacity to transmit light pulses at super-fast speed without any disturbance or barrier.

Here’s the exact structure of an ofc cable:

The inner core comprises multiple optical fibers that are made of glass. Light passes through this core which is transmitted in laser pulses. These pulses are converted into binary data by the receiver that help you access the internet.

This core is coated by a thick layer of cladding, which is usually made of plastic or sometimes even glass. Having a lower refractive index, it helps to keep the light within the core so that it functions smoothly.

The light can travel up to 60 miles in one go through this cable, after which the speed may start deteriorating. Since that’s a long-distance, in most cases you’ll be receiving the best quality internet connection with optical fiber cables.

Types of Fiber Optic Cable

Based on the size of the cable (in diameter), there are 3 fiber optic cable types:

Single Mode Fiber: Here, single glass fiber has a diameter of 8.3-10 microns and has one mode of transmission. This gives it a higher transmission rate. However, it will need a narrower spectrum of light too. These factors make single mode fiber more expensive but better than the other two.

Multimode Fiber: A single strand of this fibre is 50-100 microns in diameter and a longer cable has multiple paths for the light to travel. Also known as OM3 fiber, its bandwidth is comparatively lower than single mode fiber but costs lesser.

Plastic Optical Fiber: These cables are made out of plastic instead of glass, which give almost as good performance as the glass cable and cost much lesser.

Fiber Optic Cable Connectors

Fiber cables are super-efficient with their work, there’s no doubt about it. However, the way you set them up also makes a great difference. Without an efficient fiber optic patch panel (layout for distribution), you cannot expect them to work well.

For this, you need good quality fiber connectors. The cables are capped with these connectors on both ends, which makes it a fibre optic patch cord. Here are some of the fiber connector types that you can choose from:

Standard Connector (SC): They’re low-cost connectors that have a locking tab. You need to push it up or down for locking or unlocking the connector.

Lucent or Little Connector (LC): The LC fiber connector uses a 1.25 mm ferrule, mostly used for single mode fiber cables.

Fiber Distributed Data Interface (FDDI) Connector: These connectors have a 2.5 mm ferrule and provide data transmission at the rate of 100 Mbps within a range of 200 km.

Opti-Jack Connector: It has got this name for having both male and female jacks on either side of the connectors.

LX-5 Connector: These have an automatic metal shutter with a 1.25 mm ferrule. They are one of the best quality connectors of high density, providing excellent performance.

Benefits of Fiber Optic Cable for Internet

You do get it by now, that for wired internet connections, there is nothing better than fiber optics. Following are the main benefits you’ll gain out of them:

Speed

The lowest possible speed of your internet can be 5 mbps, the maximum being 100 gbps. Since it works with the help of light, it works a lot faster than copper wires. For a fiber optic cable internet with a speed of 1 gbps, you can download a 2-hour HD quality film in just 40 seconds. And if you have 5G connection with say a speed of 10 gbps, the same movie will download in 4 seconds!

Capacity

These cables are really strong and highly efficient. Not even in the rarest situation will you observe disruption with them. So, they have more bandwidth, high signal strength, symmetry in speed, and the capability to connect with multiple devices which makes them highly reliable.

Safety

Hackers tend to tap cables also, but they can’t do it if you’re using a fiber optic cable. It is literally impossible to penetrate into an optical fiber cable unless you just cut it. So, it provides you with greater security, at least from cybercrime.

Better Picture Quality

It’s quite natural that a technology working with that great speed will be providing an excellent visual display. Whether you’re streaming HD videos online or playing video games, you’re never going to face degradation in quality because there are no possibilities of disruptions in the cable.

Efficient for Cable Assembly Houses

With the help of fiber optic splicing, they can be used in cable assembly houses. In fiber splicing, two ofc cables are joined together to make it more intact.

Other Uses of Fiber Optic Cable

Apart from providing internet, there are many other applications or uses of fiber optic cables. These include:

  • Telecommunication
  • Surgery
  • Lighting automobiles
  • Decorative lighting
  • Cable TV
  • Data transmission in space

Are You Planning to Switch?

If you’re facing problems with your internet, then it’s time for you to switch to fiber optic cable. The price varies, depending on whether you go for single-mode or multimode fiber and the length of the cable you need. Even if you think it’s costly, believe me, it is totally worth it.

So, what do you say, are you ready to upgrade your internet connection?

About the author

Shikha Mehta

I discovered my talent in writing while I was in high school. Since then, I discovered the joy of sharing your knowledge with people around you. This is the reason why I love making my contributions to Insights of Technology. Being a certified content writer, I have been writing on several topics, science & technology being one of my favorites.

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