With fuel prices touching the sky, have you considered of driving a vehicle that doesn’t need one? Yes, I’m talking about buying an electric car for a change – one that doesn’t need fuel to run at all. This is exactly what Tesla Motors is known for and many other car brands are also making them now.
What might surprise you to know is that the concept of electric cars is not new at all. In fact, the first electric car came out way back in the 1880s – and I’m not talking about chariots and horse carriages. It was very much a real, battery-driven vehicle; only it looked a little different from the cars we have today.
What is an Electric Car?
To define it very simply, it’s a car that uses an electric motor and rechargeable batteries to run in the same speed as our fuel cars. In fact, they’re actually faster and don’t even make a noise when you start the engine or start driving.
When you’re driving a normal fuel car, what you actually do is burn the petrol, diesel or gas that actually gets the car into motion. A point comes when your fuel is over and you need to buy more and refill the tank. Additionally, you also have a battery starts the motor in the first place.
Now, coming to an electric car – it is the battery that will start the car and it is the battery that runs it too. So, a point will come when this battery is simply out of power. What you’re doing here is just recharging it. That’s a service you take from electric car charging stations – you’re not buying anything that’s going to deplete.
How Does it Work?
While a fuel car works with a combustion engine, an electric vehicle has an electric engine – one that is run completely by rechargeable batteries. Following are the various parts of an electric car and their respective functions:
Electric car battery: You have the auxiliary battery that powers the all the other vehicle components when you start the engine. Meanwhile, the traction battery pack, a set of many rechargeable batteries runs the vehicle.
Electric motor: It takes power from the traction battery and drives the wheels of the vehicle.
Transmission: It transfers mechanical power from the motor to the vehicle wheels.
DC converter: This converts high-voltage DC supplied by the traction battery pack to low-voltage DC to run the vehicle. Additionally, it also recharges the auxiliary battery.
Power electronics controller: It manages the flow of energy and controls the speed of the motor.
Thermal cooling system: If you don’t have this working properly, your engine can get really hot.
Charging port: When you need to recharge the traction battery pack, you supply the power from here.
Onboard charger: When you recharge an electric car battery, the charging port will supply AC electricity. The onboard charger will convert it into DC power so that the battery charges.
What are the Benefits of Having an Electric Car?
Electric cars don’t just benefit the environment. They also benefit you. Since we all are at a point where saving the planet is important, any alternative that a scientist will design will be encouraging for you to use. It means that an eco-friendly product today comes with other perks that will encourage you to use it even if you don’t care about the environment.
Following are the main benefits of having an electric car:
Cheaper to Maintain
You’re driving a car that needs no fuel. All you have to do is get the battery recharged, which will cost you less than $3. Even if you charge it too often, your annual maintenance cost will be much lesser as compared to gasoline or fuel cars.
Did you know that 75% of the air pollution in the US is caused by vehicles? Not only that, it is one of the most significant sources of noise pollution too. Now, imagine if even more than half of the vehicle owners switched to a car that neither runs on fuel, nor makes a noise – how much cleaner and quieter will the world become.
As compared to fuel cars, they actually have a greater speed. When you accelerate, it takes less than 8 seconds to achieve a 0-60 mph speed. In fact, the good ones will not even take 3 seconds to achieve the speed.
You do know the sound an engine makes when you start the car. As you start driving, the sound is softer but still there. With time, car engines have become less noisy. However, if you are running an electric engine, it is going to be as quiet as your electric AC.
The body of an electric car is much stronger than a regular combustion engine car. Thus, it has greater capability to withstand collisions. Moreover, it has lesser chances of catching fire or rolling over in an accident as they have low-gravity centres.
Some of the Best Electric Cars You Can Buy
There are plenty of car brands who have started manufacturing electric cars. From the cheapest electric car available to some of the latest models, let’s check out what’s out there in the market for you:
Mini Cooper SE Electric Hardtop
It is the cheapest electric car you can get, only for a price of $29,900. It has a driving range of 110 miles with an automatic emergency brake system, forward collision warning and pedestrian detection.
This one has a spacious cabin, lively acceleration, great cargo capacity and a driving range of 149 miles. You’re even getting other cool features like Android Auto, Apple CarPlay, Bluetooth, Satellite Radio and an 8-inch touch screen – all of this for only $31,600.
Tesla Model 3
This is one of the few electric cars that gave a super-tough time to the fuel cars. It has a 156-inch touch screen, Wifi hotspot, built-in dashcam, side collision warning, blind spot monitoring, automatic emergency brake system, cameras and sensors. You’ll get a range of 220 miles with Tesla Model 3 for a price of $35,400.
Offering a range of 153 miles, the BMW electric car also features Apple CarPlay, rain-sensing windshield wipers, a 6.5-inch display and plenty of cargo space. All for a price of $44,450.
This is the first pure electric SUV that Audi has launched, selling at a price of $65,900. It has a premium interior décor and covers can accelerate to 60 mph in 5.5 seconds. Additionally, you’ll get wireless CarPlay, an app that can personalize your ride, charge-from-home facility and advanced sensors.
Tesla Model S
This is the second most expensive luxury car you’ll find, costing $79,990. But see what you’re getting here – you don’t have to drive it yourself! Yes, that’s right, this is one of those which has autopilot along with web browser, streaming services, advanced parking sensors and over-the-air updates.
The brand name itself says that this is a luxury car. It has air curtains, 4-point LED headlights, 800V battery and voice pilot. It charges faster than any other electric vehicle and has an amazing interior. All for a whopping $191,000.
Tesla Roadster 2020 – The Upcoming Electric Car
There are many new electric cars coming up. Among them, this is the most exciting one. The upcoming model by Tesla will be accelerating from 0 to 60 mph in just 1.9 seconds, with a total range of 620 miles. It’s going to be a 4-seater sports car all powered by battery.
Can Electric Vehicles be the Future?
We have come to a point when the planet is unable to handle the pollution and global warming. Fuel is depleting and what we need is an alternative. Actually, the point is we already have the alternative – one that will not just benefit the environment, but also you.
So, when you can afford an electric car, reduce your carbon footprint and save money eventually, why not go for it?