Innovation

5 Things You Need to Know About 5G Network

5G Network
Written by Shikha Mehta

From 2G to 5G network technology has been advancing faster than our generations are, isn’t it? The era of the mobile internet has changed the way the world operates. Whether you want to buy a pencil or propose to your girlfriend, you’re just going to pick up your phone!

This craze began after NTT DoCoMo introduced 3G. It made downloading files and updating apps faster possible. That’s when internet usage increased. When it couldn’t be taken anymore, we got the 4th generation.

Now, we are coming to the 5th! What new is there in it? Do you actually have it yet or are you looking forward to it? Let’s take a look to know more.

  1. What is 5G Network?

The fifth generation of the network is the latest cellular network technology that has been developed with an increase in the use of the internet on smartphones.

Today, people use their phones to stream online music, web series & films, download them, shop online, and use social media. This is why Verizon introduced 5G to prevent you from not exceeding your data usage in less than a week.

  1. How does it work?

5G uses multiple small cell stations located in light poles or building roofs to transmit millimeter waves. These are high-frequency waves that allow wireless broadband communication at a high speed. Its frequency ranges between 30-300 GHz.

To gain a better understanding, we’ll take a look at the 2 main components of a mobile network as well as the 4G-5G integration:

Radio Access Network

RAN or radio access network refers to the part of the telecommunications system that connects your device with the core network through radio connections. This includes small cells, masts, towers and in-home systems.

5G uses small cells at millimetre wave frequencies. This means that the range of connection will be short. It will be present in clusters to provide a speedy connection instead of on macro cell providing network over a wide area.

However, that doesn’t mean 5G doesn’t have macro cells. It does and it uses MIMO (multiple input, multiple output) antennas. This enables several users to connect to the network and maintain high throughput.

Core Network

This is the main part of the telecommunications system that directs phone calls over the telephone network. It also includes mobile data and internet connections.

5G’s core network will provide better internet and cloud-based services, as the response time reduces. Following are the features of the 5G core network:

Network Function Virtualization (NFV): This is a concept where communication technology can work on software or virtual machines. Since 5G doesn’t need hardware devices to work, it is able to work at a better speed.

Network Slicing: Just as the term suggests, this involves segmentation of the network for any industry or application. They all may be operating on the same software but work independently, thus enabling speed.

How Does 5G Work in Integration with 4G?

As of now, you probably have a 4G device and network. However, once 5G is available for your device and location, your device will be able to use both. Once your device is upgraded, you’ll connect to 4G for the signals and 5G for faster data connection.

In short, 5G will be used to compliment or enhance the 4G network services.

All of this enables you to transmit, stream and download data at a great capacity.

  1. 5G Network Speed

If you were technology, when would you introduce a successive generation of the network? It is when the speed of mobile data needs to increase massively with that of its usage. When you get to switch from 4G to 5G, you’ll be able to make out the difference too.

Apparently, the potential of 5G is up to 10 Gbps, the average speed being 1 Gbps. This is 100 times faster than the current 4G we are using right now. In fact, this is even faster than the current Wifi we are using.

Since it isn’t widely available yet, work is still being done upon it to make it reach up to 20 Gbps. To top it, the latency is only 1-4 milliseconds.

5G Wifi

Well, if the speed of 5G internet and network is faster than the Wifi you’re using, then isn’t it practical to make this technology improve Wifi too? After all, Wifi is something we tend to use more than mobile data – at home as well as in offices.

To be more precise, 5G Wifi is actually 5Ghz Wifi, which supports up to 1 gbps throughput. Currently, we are using 2.4Ghz Wifi, which supports only up to 600 mbps of throughput.

However, the actual speed that you’ll get with this Wifi will ultimately depend on the number of devices you connect, the area and the networking hardware in your devices.

One of the main benefits of having this is that it is a lot less prone to interference. The smaller the area of your home or office where you use this, the better it works.

If you are more into activities that require high bandwidth, such as gaming or HDTV streaming, having 5G Wifi will benefit you more than the current 2.4Ghz Wifi.

In the end, if you already have 5G network in your phone, you’ll be wanting 5G Wifi too. After all, there’s no point in having a separate internet connection of any kind in your home if your mobile data is actually working faster and better. Isn’t it?

  1. 5G Network Availability

Currently, the following countries have 5G network:

  • Australia & New Zealand
  • Europe: Germany, Italy, UK, Italy, Spain, Belgium, Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Czech Republic, Finland, Greece, Ireland, Latvia, Hungary, Monaco, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Poland, Romania, Russia, San Marino, Switzerland, Sweden and Slovakia.
  • Asia: Bahrain, UAE, Taiwan, Thailand, China, Japan, Philippines, Hong Kong, Kazakhstan, Indonesia, Kuwait, Maldives, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, and Tajikistan.
  • Africa: South Africa, Lesotho and Libya.
  • North & South America: USA, Brazil, Uruguay, Puerto Rico, US Virgin Islands, Canada, Trinidad & Tobago, Suriname and Guam.

As of 2020, India is likely to start with 5G trials with Jio, Vodafone, BSNL and Airtel, its biggest network providers.

5G Mobile Phones in the Market

The first few smartphones with 5G include:

  • Motorola: 5G Moto Pod
  • Samsung: Samsung Galaxy S10 5G and Samsung Galaxy Fold 5G
  • Oppo: Reno 5G
  • One Plus: One Plus 7 Pro 5G
  • Xiaomi: MI Mix 3 5G
  • LG: V50 ThinQ 5G
  • Huawei: 5G will start with Mate 20 X, P30 Pro and MateBook X Pro
  • Apple: 5G might release with iPhone 12
  • HTC 5G Hub: A home media centre that’ll enable integration of 4G with 5G in all Android 9 or above devices.

5G Internet & Network Providers

The following mobile network and internet service providers are all set to provide you with 5G network very soon:

AT&T: They’ve been one of the first internet providers coming out with 5G. AT&T 5G began with a few cities in 2018 and reached 190+ places by April 2020. It’s only there in the US as of now.

Vodafone: As of now, Vodafone 5G is present in countries. These include UK, Ireland, Spain, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Netherlands, New Zealand, Qatar, Romania and Italy. It is likely to start its trials in India soon.

Telstra: In Australia, Telstra 5G started in around May 2019. It is the first communication provider in the world providing standalone 5G solutions.

Rain: This is South Africa’s mobile data-only network by Huawei. Rain 5G has been the first 5G network that was established in Africa.

Jio: India’s largest network provider, Reliance Jio is all set to start with 5G trials in the country. Jio 5G will be supported by Ericsson, Nokia and Huawei.

  1. The Future

Be ready, folks. 5G is about to bring a new revolution in the industry. From agriculture to manufacturing and transportation, every industry will be dependent on 5G. By 2025, this revolution is likely to reach the entire world.

Till now you’ve been needing internet in order to download HD quality films and TV series. 5G not only increases the speed for this but provides a lot more. It’s going to define a new level for gaming, AR & VR, robotics, vehicles, and energy.

5G is meant to be 100 times faster than 4G. It is meant to make global connections much stronger and faster.

Verizon, one of the first providers of 5G in the world says that 5G internet and network is meant to:

  • Digitize transportation
  • Enable better manufacturing
  • Create driverless cars
  • Provide smart energy solutions
  • Enable faster emergency response
  • Have a great impact on the Internet of Things

Every single industry is about to get digitized. In fact, the estimation says that by 2035, 5G will generate 22 million jobs in the world and $12.3 trillion of global economic output.

The Internet of Things (IoT) actually is the extension process of internet connectivity through a lot of daily objects and various physical devices.

Waiting for the 5G network to arrive in your country now? You’re about to have a blast, as everything you need will be at your fingertips.

About the author

Shikha Mehta

I discovered my talent in writing while I was in high school. Since then, I discovered the joy of sharing your knowledge with people around you. This is the reason why I love making my contributions to Insights of Technology. Being a certified content writer, I have been writing on several topics, science & technology being one of my favorites.

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