Top 5 Robotic Programming Languages of 2019

Best programming language for robotics? Have you wondered how a robot you see on a TV show actually functions? All we know it’s hi-fi technology termed as “robotics”.There are so many types of robots today: humanoid robots (which we see in movies), robot hand, industrial robots, robotic arm, and even robot toys. How do you think they’re all made? Its all about the Robotic Programming Languages.

The design, construction, functioning, and application of a robot involves knowledge in mechanical engineering, electronic engineering, IT and computer programming.


It is Robotics Programming Languages that truly decides its functioning. Once a robot is constructed, the coding behind it makes it sensitive to the environment, making it a true robot.

Moreover, there’s Artificial Intelligence or AI which is a power given to these machines so that they can think by themselves for a given set of tasks and its use is increasing.

So, let’s take a look at the coding languages you can use to create a robot.

Programming Languages Used in Robotics. Best programming language for robotics

There are several Robotic Programming Languages that are used to convert a metallic structure into a robot. After you design the structure and decide what it needs to do, it takes tonnes of codes to convert it into a robot.

This is why I’ve listed the most widely used and known of the lot. Let’s take a sneak peek into it.


This is one of the first programming languages that is widely used for robotics for beginners. “Beginners All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code”, is the code with which you start your programming. A lot of languages actually come from here.


Application: Micro-controllers, educational robots, developing industrial robot languages and training of robots.

4. .NET/C#

Developed by Microsoft in the 2000s, this language has gained popularity due to its ease of learning and availability in Microsoft Windows. It allows you to use coding languages as well as programs in Java, C++, and Virtual Basic.

Application: Port & socket level programming, manufacturing industries and human-machine interfaces (HMI)

3. Java

Now that’s a language you’ve probably learned in school too! I’m not just talking about science students, because I had learned a glimpse of it in the 9 the grade. Computer science students know it better of course, after which you get to dive deep when you learn robotics.

Application: Humanoid robots, command & control recognizer, speech synthesizers, dictation systems, and processing images.

2. C++

Robotic Programming Languages begins from controlling the physical robot to developing its sensitivity and artificial intelligence. The one language that makes this process simple is C++. I’m not saying it’s easy to learn it, but it has the capability to make your work easier once you know how to use it. If you want to be a roboticist, knowing this language is a must.

Application: Interaction with low-level robotic hardware and developing real-time  performance

1. Python

I put this on No. 1 of my list due to its ease combined with its capability. I’m not saying that only in terms of learning, but it’s also in terms of reading and application. The codes are way shorter and simpler, making its usage essential for designing & operating a robot.

Application: Building & testing robots, automate & post-process programs, creating autonomous mobile robots and take up quick & small programming projects.

Now I may list down 5 different Robotic Programming Languages for you, but it does not mean only one of them will actually be used by you. Absolutely not! It takes teamwork to make a robot.

When I say that, it’s not just in terms of manpower but also in terms of codes. It isn’t possible to use only 1 language actually. The beginning stage might require one language like BASIC. Once you think you need a higher-end development, you might integrate C++ or python.

If you really want to learn to program, go for courses that at least teach you these 5 languages. Robotics is a developing field; its demand and usage are upcoming in every sector. Without programming, the structure designed is a statue, not a robot.

So, in a way, you are nothing more than a mechanical engineer if you can’t program your design into a robot. Isn’t it?


Read more: How to Buy the Best Drone Camera for Beginners.


Leave a Comment